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Most of the time, HSV-1 and HSV-2 are inactive, or "silent," and cause no symptoms, but some infected people have "outbreaks" of blisters and ulcers.
Genital herpes can be transmitted with or without the presence of sores or other symptoms.
It often is transmitted by people who are unaware that they are infected, or by people who do not recognize that their infection can be transmitted even when they have no symptoms.
The signs and symptoms associated with HSV-2 can vary greatly among individuals.
Health care providers can diagnose genital herpes by visual inspection, by taking a sample from the sore(s) and by testing it to see if the herpes virus is present. Interactions among HIV, other sexually transmitted diseases, socioeconomic status, and poverty in women. Women at Risk: Issues in the Primary Prevention of AIDS. Fleming DT, Mc Quillan GM, Johnson RE, Nahmias AJ, Aral SO, Lee FK, St. Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 in the United States, 1976 to 1994.
Results of a recent, nationally representative study show that genital herpes infection is common in the United States.
However, HSV-2 can cause recurrent painful genital ulcers in many adults, and HSV-2 infection can be severe in people with suppressed immune systems.Regardless of severity of symptoms, genital herpes frequently causes psychological distress among people who know they are infected.
HSV-1 and HSV-2 are transmitted through direct contact, including kissing, sexual contact (vaginal, oral, or anal sex), or skin-to-skin contact.If a woman has active genital herpes at delivery, a cesarean-section delivery is usually performed. Fortunately, infection of an infant is rare among women with HSV-2 infection. Herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV).HSV-type 1 commonly causes fever blisters on the mouth or face (oral herpes), while HSV-type 2 typically affects the genital area (genital herpes).However, both viral types can cause either genital or oral infections.